Common Terms

  • Bash_history – .bash_logout – .bash_profile – .bashrc..:
    A number of files related to a shell account. These include configuration directives and logging of user actions.
  • Bouncer (bnc):
    A bnc is short for ‘bouncer’. A bnc acts as a proxy to IRC, allowing you to hide your real IP address and use a vhost (vanity host – something like ‘’).
  • Cgi:
    A standard for running external programs from a World-Wide Web HTTP server. CGI specifies how to pass arguments to the executing program as part of the HTTP request. It also defines a set of environment variables. Commonly, the program will generate some HTML which will be passed back to the browser but it can also request URL redirection
  • DNS:
    A general-purpose distributed, replicated, data query service chiefly used on Internet for translating hostnames into Internet addresses. Also, the style of hostname used on the Internet, though such a name is properly called a fully qualified domain name. DNS can be configured to use a sequence of name servers, based on the domains in the name being looked for, until a match is found
  •  FTP:
    A communications protocol governing the transfer of files from one computer to another over a network
  • IRC Bots:
    An automated program that operates on IRC.
  • IRC:
    A client-server chat system of large (often worldwide) networks
  • Shell Hosting:
    A hosting account used primarily for either shell commands or to run shell processes, such as IRC bouncers etc.
  • Shell:
    The command interpreter used to pass commands to an operating system; so called because it is the part of the operating system that interfaces with the outside world. The commonest Unix shells are the c shell (csh) and the Bourne shell (sh).
  • Warez:
    Widely used in cracker subcultures to denote cracked versions of commercial software, that is versions from which copy-protection has been stripped